Factors preceding
the Reformation

Forerunning factors to the Protestant Reformations had been accumulating for many years.

Christianity in crisis in the Western Europe

  • One of the first printing houses © S.H.P.F.

At the beginning of the XVIth century, several factors were to combine to shatter the unity of Western Christianity and bring about a new relationship with God in the midst of a climate of intolerance, of passion and of violence, worsened by political deviation and abuse. Amongst these factors figured the following :

  • the moral and political crisis of Western Christianity,
  • pre-reformation ideas that had been condemned by the Church,
  • the Renaissance ideas from Italy,
  • humanism,
  • Gutenberg‘s invention of a new technique for massive diffusion : the printing press.

Associated notes

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