Anduze (Gard)

As from 1560, the Reformation was fully established in Anduze, also named Little Geneva.

The first services of worship (1560-1598)

  • Plan of the temple in Anduze (Gard) © Dubief et Poujol

The first services were held in the parochial church of Saint Etienne which became the temple. In 1562, the citizens of Anduze chose the Protestant party led by the Prince de Condé opposed to the Count de Villars,sent from Montpellier to pacify the Cévennes region. In 1567, in order to build fortifications, the inhabitants demolished the religious buildings, including the Saint Etienne Temple.

The truce did not last long and religious wars began once more.

After the signing of the Edict of Nantes in 1598, the Reformed decided to build their own temple.

The first temple (1600-1686)

In 1600, the first temple as such was built on the site of the former Catholic Church. The architecture was simple : a square building of 22.8m, with a steeple and a single semicircular arch inside, similar to the one in Collet-de-Dèze (Lozère). It could seat 2,000 worshipers. The pulpit at the far end was surrounded by pews for the captains and councillors. The nave was divided in two aisles, the left side for men and the right side for women.

In 1686, the temple was demolished. On its site, the Catholics built their church. An inscription said the sanctuary was “destroyed to its foundations by the heresy of Calvin but was rebuilt thanks to the munificence of Louis XIV and consecrated to God in 1688.”

After the Revolution

After the Revolution, the Catholic Church became a decadal Temple, in which protestant services of worship were resumed in 1796.

A new temple was to be built in 1811.

Anduze (Gard)

Associated notes

Random notes